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- Babinski’s Reflex: A reflex named after Professor Babinski. Stroking the sole of the foot should normally cause the big toe to point downwards. A babinski sign is when it points up instead, and the other toes fan out. Implies spasticity. A babinski reflex is considered normal in the immature nervous system, such as in a baby.
- Bilateral: Both sides, as opposed to Unilateral (one side).
- Biopsy: A small piece of body tissue is removed for microscopic examination.
- Buphthalmos: Enlarged size of the eye. Caused by Glaucoma occurring in infancy.